GENERAL APPEARANCE

From Puppy to Junior to Adult maturity

The Alaskan Malamute, is a powerful and substantially built dog with a deep chest and strong, well-muscled body. The Malamute stands well over the pads, and this stance gives the appearance of much activity and a proud carriage, with head erect and eyes alert showing interest and curiosity.

The head is broad. Ears are triangular and erect when alerted. The muzzle is bulky, only slight diminishing in width from root to nose. The muzzle is not pointed or long, yet not stubby. The coat is thick with a coarse guard coat of sufficient length to protect a woolly undercoat. Malamutes are of various colors.

Face markings are a distinguishing feature. These consist of a cap over the head, the face either all white or marked with a bar and/or mask. The tail is well furred, carried over the back, and has the appearance of a waving plume.

The Malamute must be a heavy boned dog with sound legs, good feet, deep chest and powerful shoulders, and have all of the other physical attributes necessary for the efficient performance of his job.

The gait must be steady, balanced, tireless and totally efficient. He is not intended as a racing sled dog designed to compete in speed trials.

The Malamute is structured for strength and endurance, and any characteristic of the individual specimen, including temperament, which interferes with the accomplishment of this purpose, is to be considered the most serious of faults.

The depth of the pictures and the distance from which it has been taken varies and can be misleading when viewing the change between the puppy, teen and adult stages. Rather focus on the development in proportion, the bone, head & muzzle, chest and tail etc. 

FEMALES

9 weeks 9 months 5 Years
10 Weeks 5 Months 15 Months
10 weeks 6 months 2 years
5 months 14 months 2 years
5 Months 14 Months 3 years
5 Months 2 years 5 years

MALES

6 Weeks 5 Months 18 Months
9 Weeks 12 Months 6 years
3 Months 10 Months 3 years
9 Weeks 2 years 4 years
10 Weeks 6 months 3 years
4 Months 8 Months 16 months
5 Months 12 Months 2.5 Years
6 Months 14 months 23 Months
9 Weeks 10 Months 5 years
6 Months 16 Months 6 years

Be careful in not to judge the quality of what you have in your Alaskan Malamute. As you Malamute progresses through the various development stages, at times you will feel disappointed, but wait till he/she reaches maturity, some at 3 years others takes longer. Remember not all Alaskan Malamutes is show quality and no breeder can guarantee as such when selling you a puppy at 8 weeks. You will be learning a lot as your male and/or female developes.

MARKINGS

Facial Markings:

Cap 

Oscar

Bridget

A cap of colour covers the top of the head and ears usually coming to a point in the centre of the forehead.

Goggles 

Cedar

Dark areas under the eyes and extending sideways to the cap. 

Bar

Nanook

Nordic

A dark area extending from the centre point of the cap down the nose. 

Eye Shadow 

Megan

Dark markings under the eyes but not extending out to the cap. 

Star

Kayak

Timber

A small white spot in the centre of the forehead. 

Blaze

Kelsey

Keh'lar

A white mark extending from the centre point of the cap back up the forehead. Width and length can vary. 

Closed Face

Semora

Dylan

Dark colouring covering the face with no distinct markings on the face. 

 Open Face

Misty

Tipper

A cap covering the top of the head and no other markings on the face.

Full Mask

Sampson

Skookums

The combination of cap, goggles and bar. 

Mask
Tess

The combination of cap and goggles. 

Neck Markings:

 Necklace 
Drew

A curving band of dark colour across the chest.

Eagle

Two bands of dark colour protruding partially across the chest,  forming a pattern resembling the eagle emblem.

 

Colour Standards:

Black & White

(Alaskan) Seal & White

Gray & White (1)

 

Black guard hair with black or dark grey undercoat.

Black or black tipped guard hairs with white or cream undercoat. Dog appears black at a distance, but is not a true black because of the light undercoat.

Gray guard hairs with light grey, cream, or white undercoat. No red factor is evident. 

Gray & White (Continue)

Red & White

Sable & White (1)

Dog definitely appears grey, even though there may be some black hairs on the top line.

A definite shade of red, either light or dark; with light points (lip line and nose), and eye colour.
No black factor evident.

Black or grey guard hairs with a reddish undercoat and red trimmings. 
Both black and red factors evident.

Sable & White (Continue)

Agouti

Silver & White

White

Black or grey guard hairs with a reddish undercoat and red trimmings. 
Both black and red factors evident.

Light grey guard hair with white undercoat.

Both guard hairs and undercoat are white. Often evidence of a mask in cream colour. Only solid colour allowed.

Neck Area:

White Collar

A white band of colour encircling the neck.

Withers Spot

A white mark varying in size but centred on the withers or at the base of the neck.

Trimmings & Shadings:

Trimmings - Shadings of gold, cream, buff, brown or reddish hues often found on legs, ears, tail and face between white areas of the underbody and the dark color above. Sable - With cream/peach markings in the whites.

Eye Colours:

"Eyes are brown... Dark eyes preferred. Blue eyes are a disqualifying fault." from the "Alaskan Malamute Standard" approved 31 May 1994.

These images are a few general examples of Malamute eye colours. There is a wide variation of actual eye colour and shade by individual dog

 

Love and adore what you have in your Alaskan Malamute regardless.

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE ALASKAN MALAMUTE & SIBERIAN HUSKY: 

The Alaskan Malamute is the native Alaskan Arctic breed, cousin to the Samoyed of Russia, Siberian Husky of the Kolyma River Region and the Eskimo dogs of Greenland. It is not uncommon for most people to confuse these two most common Nordic breeds with each other.

  Alaskan Malamute   Siberian Husky
GENERAL APPEARANCE, CHARACTERISTICS
& TEMPERAMENT

Heavily boned, powerfully built, not too compact and never appearing short on the leg.

Sled dog capable of surviving in Arctic temperatures and of pulling heavy loads at steady speeds.

Affectionate, friendly, loyal, devoted companion but not a ‘one man’ dog, playful on invitation, generally impressive by his dignity after maturity but tends to show aggression to other dogs.

DE izquierda a derecha: AM y SH

Medium size, moderate bone.

Performs his original function in harness most capably, carrying a light load at a moderate speed over great distances. His body proportions and form reflect this basic balance of power, speed and endurance. 

Keen, friendly and gentle, interested and even mischievous. but also alert and outgoing. He does not display the possessive qualities of the guard dog, nor is he overly suspicious of strangers or aggressive with other dogs. Agreeable companion and willing worker.

HEAD AND SKULL

Head broad, powerful, not coarse, in proportion to size of dog. Skull broad between ears, gradually narrowing to eyes, moderately rounded between ears, flattening on top as it approaches eye, rounding off to moderately flat cheeks. Very slight but perceptible stop. Muzzle large in proportion to size of skull, scarcely diminishing in width or depth from stop. Nose black except red and white dogs when it is brown. Pink streaked ‘snow nose’ acceptable.

AMSH

Skull of medium size and in proportion to the body; slightly rounded on top and tapering from the widest point to the eyes.

EYES

Brown, almond-shaped, moderately large, set obliquely. Dark eyes preferred, except in red and white dogs where light eyes are permissible. Blue eyes highly undesirable. 

AMSH

Almond shaped, moderately spaced and set a trifle obliquely. Eyes may be brown or blue in colour; one of each or particoloured are acceptable. 

EARS, MOUTH & NECK

Small in proportion to head. Triangular in shape, slightly rounded at tips, set wide apart, at back of skull. Ears forward when erect. When dog is working sometimes folded against skull. 

Upper and lower jaws broad with large teeth, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Neck is strong and moderately arched. 

AMSH

Of medium size, triangular in shape, close fitting and set high on the head. They are thick, well furred, slightly arched at the back, and strongly erect, with slightly rounded tips pointing straight up.

Nose black in gray, tan or black dogs; liver in copper dogs; may be flesh- coloured in pure white dogs. The pink-streaked ‘snow nose’ is acceptable. Lips are well pigmented and close fitting. Teeth closing in a scissors bite.

Neck is medium in length, arched and carried proudly.

FOREQUARTERS, BODY & HINDQUARTERS

Shoulders moderately sloping; forelegs heavily boned and well muscled, straight as far as pasterns which are short, strong and almost vertical viewed from side. 

Body strong and powerfully built, chest strong and deep; back straight but not level, sloping slightly downwards from shoulder to croup. Loins well muscled, never so short as to interfere with movement. No excess weight.

Hind legs broad and powerfully muscled through thighs; stifles moderately bent, hock joints broad and strong, moderately bent and well let down. Viewed from behind, hind legs vertical, standing and moving true, in line with movement of front legs. Legs indicate tremendous propelling power. Dewclaws on hind legs undesirable.

De izquierda a derecha, SH y AM

The shoulder blade is well laid back. The upper arm angles slightly backward from point of shoulder to elbow and is never perpendicular to the ground.  Bone is substantial but never heavy. 

Body deep and strong chest but not too broad, with the deepest point being just behind and level with the elbows.  The back is straight and strong, with a level topline from withers to croup. It is of medium length, neither cobby nor slack from excessive length. The loin is taut and lean, narrower than the rib cage, and with a slight tuck-up. 

When standing and viewed from the rear, the hind legs are moderately spaced and parallel. The upper thighs are well muscled and powerful, the stifles well bent, the hock joint well-defined and set low to the ground. Dewclaws, if any, are to be removed.

FEET, TAIL & GAIT/MOVEMENT

Feet is large and compact, toes close, well arched, pads thick and tough, toenails short and strong. Protective growth of hair between toes. 

Tail is moderately high set, following line of spine at start then curving gently upwards. At rest may hang straight down. Well furred and carried over back when dog is working, not tightly curled to rest on back, nor short furred and carried like a fox brush, but giving appearance of a waving plume.

Single tracking at trot is normal but movement not too wide or too close at any gait. Easy, tireless, rhythmic movement, produced by powerful drive from hindquarters. 

AM hembra gris y SH macho rojo

Oval in shape but not long. The paws are medium in size, compact and well furred between the toes and pads. The pads are tough and thickly cushioned. The paws neither turn in nor out when the dog is in natural stance.

The well furred tail of fox-brush shape, is set on just below the level of the top-line, and is usually carried over the back in a graceful sickle curve when the dog is at attention. When carried up, the tail does not curl to either side of the body, nor does it snap flat against the back. Hair on the tail is of medium length and approximately the same length on top, sides and bottom, giving the appearance of a round brush.

The Siberian Husky’s characteristic gait is smooth and seemingly effortless. He is quick and light on his feet, exhibiting good reach in the forequarters and good drive in the hindquarters. 

COAT & COLOUR

Thick, coarse guard coat, not long and soft. Dense undercoat, from 2.5-5 cms (1-2 ins) in depth, oily and woolly. Coarse guard coat stands out, with thick fur around neck. Guard coat varies in length as does undercoat but, in general, coat of medium length along sides of body, increasing somewhat around shoulders and neck, down back and over croup, as well as in breeching and plume. 

Range is from light grey through intermediate shadings to black, or from gold through shades of red to liver, always with white on underbody, parts of legs, feet and part of mask markings. Markings either cap-like or mask-like on face. Combination of cap and mask not unusual. White blaze on forehead, white collar, or spot on nape permissible. Heavy mantling of unbroken colour acceptable. Only solid colour permissible is all white. 

AMSH

The coat of the Siberian Husky is double and medium in length, giving a well furred appearance but is never so long as to obscure the clean cut outline of the dog. The under coat is soft and dense and of sufficient length to support the outer coat. The guard hairs of the outer coat are straight and somewhat smooth lying, never harsh nor standing straight off from the body.

All colours from black to pure white are allowed. A variety of markings on the head is common, including many striking patterns not found in other breeds.

SIZE

 

Height : Dogs : 64 - 71 cms (25 - 28 ins)Bitches : 58 - 66 cms (23 - 26 ins).Weight : Between 38 - 56 kgs (85 - 125 lbs), size consideration not to outweigh type.  De izquierda a derecha: AM y SH Height :Dogs : 21-23_ ins.(53-60cm.)at the withers Bitches : 20-22 ins. (51-56cm.) at the withers Weight: Dogs :45-60 lbs. (20-26.5 kg) Bitches : 35-50 lbs. (16-23 kg) Weight is in proportion to height. 
FAULTS Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

Broken colour extending over body in spots or uneven splashings undesirable. 

  Head clumsy or heavy; head too finely chiseled. Insufficient stop. Eyes set too obliquely; set too close together. Ears too large in proportion to the head; too wide set; not strongly erect. Muzzle either too snippy or too coarse; muzzle too short or too long. Any bite other than scissors. Neck too short and thick; neck too long. Chest too broad; ‘barrel ribs’; too flat or weak. Weak or slack back; roached back; sloping top-line. A snapped or tightly curled tail; highly plumed tail; tail set too low or too high. Straight shoulders; loose shoulders. Soft or splayed toes; paws too large and clumsy; paws too small and delicate; toeing in or out. Weak pasterns; too heavy bone; too narrow or too wide in the front; out at the elbows. Straight stifles; cow-hocks, too narrow or too wide in the rear. Long, rough or shaggy coat, textured too harsh or too silky; trimming of the coat, except as permitted above. Short, prancing or choppy gait, lumbering or rolling gait; crossing or crabbing. Any appearance of excessive bone or weight should be penalised. 
NOTE Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.   Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
DISQUALIFICATION Blue eyes Dogs over 23_ ins. (60 cm) and bitches over 22 ins. (56 cm).

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