FEEDING

 
 

QUALITY DOG FOOD

Quality dog foods should provide the pet with six basic nutrients necessary to sustain good health. These nutrients include protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and water. 100% of all the dog's needs should come from its dog food with the exception of water, which needs to be supplemented daily. The new holistic approach to dog nutrition takes an additional step toward optimum nutrition by including naturally beneficial ingredients.

Proteins, fats and carbohydrates provide energy for the pet. Dogs are continually expending energy and this energy expenditure increases during lactation, exercise, and when regulating body temperature. If the dog stays outdoors or is typically active, he will require more protein, fats and carbohydrates for energy production than an inside or sedentary dog.

Vitamins and minerals like calcium, vitamin A, D, and E are also important to a dog's overall nutrition as they are involved in virtually every bodily function. Vitamins and minerals are key elements in providing beneficial antioxidants, protecting cells from free radical damage, enhancing the immune system, and promoting bone development and strengthening of surrounding ligaments.

Unaware of the importance of these nutrients, many dog owners believe that all dog foods are about the same and that the difference in cost can be attributed to expensive packaging or increased marketing costs. But all dog foods are not created equal.

Many dog foods are produced as cheaply as possible by using poor quality meats and high amounts of poorly digested carbohydrates. Sugars, artificial colourings, artificial flavourings, and chemical preservatives are often added to these products to improve the taste or appearance of the product. Poor quality dog food can create a number of unpleasant ailments, including excess gas, increased bowel movements, diarrhea, itchy, bumpy skin, dull coats, brittle nails, and vomiting.

One way to assure that the family dog is receiving all of the nutritional benefits possible is to feed him a holistic or natural diet. The word "natural" is often interpreted in many different ways. It is a very popular word when referring to both human and pet nutrition. The word natural is synonymous with words like healthy and organic. It might mean that the product contains no dyes or chemicals. In the case of the holistic dog foods, it means that the product is indeed free of chemicals, artificial colors and chemical preservatives, but is also made up of a group of carefully selected meats, fruits, vegetables, and herbs to maximize health.

Ingredients in holistic products like chicken, potatoes, brown rice, tomato pomace, fish, flax and tuna oil, blueberries, spinach, kelp, cheese, chicken fat, canola oil, apples, oatmeal, and sweet potatoes provide the dog with needed protein, vitamins, carbohydrates, fibre, essential fatty acids, natural antioxidants, and minerals. They also include naturally beneficial herbs like Yucca, Parsley, Dandelion, Chicory, Basil, Rosemary, Sage, Cinnamon, Turmeric, Chamomile, Garlic, Capsicum, and Paprika.

Feeding the family dog a healthy, wholesome, "natural" diet with the selection of a quality dog food product will help you to maintain the dog's overall good health and may reduce the risk of many diseases, creating an outer glow that comes from inner good health.

The condition of your dog will depend on how well you care and look after your Alaskan Malamute or for that matter any dog. You dog will love the extra attention it is receiving when being fed, bathed, exercised and groomed. 

For the South African weather conditions it is advised to cater for a 'dog pool' on your premises. When conditions gets to hot for their dense coat they will either lie or stand in the cold water to cool off. a Malamute reduces their body temperature by standing in the water. Even when it rains or hails or snows, they will unlike other dogs play and lie in the wet conditions. They are their element when it hails, it will be the closest they will get to their natural habitat and provides them with the opportunity to eat and enjoy the hailstones or even the snow.   

FEEDING 

When selecting your dog's diet, three stages of development must be considered: the Puppy stage, the Adult stage and the Senior stagE.

    Today the choices of food for your Alaskan Malamute varies between Montego Classic, Royal Canin, Eukanuba, Breeders Choice and Hills. The condition of your dog should be the prime focus and not the cost of the food you are buying. There is truth in the saying, 'You are what you eat.' 

Montego Classic, Royal Canin, Eukanuba, and Hills available from your Vet with Breeders Choice available from leading Pet Shops.

The food of your choice must provide a 100% complete and balance nutritional formula that will bring the best out of your dog. It should provide proper muscle growth, strong teeth and bones, healthy skin and coat, easily digestible and will result in less clean-up. Because your Alaskan Malamute's food has a bearing on his coat, heath and temperament, it is essential that the most suitable diet is selected for your dog at the various stages of his life cycle.  Follow the feeding instructions on the pack, don't over feed your dog and obey to the feeding guidelines as indicated on each pack.

By the time you receive your puppy at the age of 8 to 10 weeks, your breeder would already have started to introduce small portions of suitable solid dry food. Selection of the most suitable, good quality diet at the puppy stage is essential, for a puppy's fastest growth rate is during the first year of his life. Only when a young dog has reached the age of 18 months, should an adult diet be fed.

An Alaskan Malamute is fully matured around 12 months of age, though it often takes a further 12 to 18 months to reach its peak as a performance animal. a Dog is considered to be in the adult stage when it stopped growing in height and/or length. Do not consider the dogs weight when the decision is made to switch from the puppy stage to a maintenance/adult stage diet.

Senior stage - as dogs gets older, their metabolism changes. The older dog usually exercise less, moves more slowly and sleeps more. The change in lifestyle requires a change in diet. These changes takes place slowly and might not be recognisable. What is easy recognisable is weight gain. By continually feeding your dog an adult maintenance diet when it is slowing down metabolically, results in your dog to gain weight. Aging dogs are best handled with a change in diet and change in feeding schedule by giving smaller portions that are easily digested.

At all times consult with your veterinary surgeon regarding your dogs diet. The following will help you raise your new family addition. 

The Alaskan Malamute is a “Natural Breed” and it is not man made breed such as the Rottweiler, Doberman, Labs and others. Therefore, the care of this breed is Natural, simple, and inexpensive.  It is important to remember that the Alaskan Malamute was bred by Mahlemut Eskimo Tribes of Alaska and thrived on diet of wild game and fresh fish rich in unprocessed vitamin C and iodine. Man brought them here and now feeds them grain dog food with artificial vitamins, and then people wonder why they have skin problems and thyroid deficiency. To better balance their dietary needs with their historic development, I strongly recommend the following food additives for their entire life.  

Why Table Scraps Are Bad for you Alaskan Malamute

Due to its Arctic origins, the Malamute is a breed that has evolved to live and work on very little food. For this reason the Malamute metabolism is extremely efficient and most Malamutes are easily overfed and are prone to obesity. The Malamute has evolved to be lean, and the body structure is not designed to carry excess weight - the Malamute should be an athlete.

A Malamute is overweight if you can't feel the ribs distinctly under a very thin layer of flesh - if you can feel a layer of flesh between your fingers and the ribs then your dog is getting too much food.

The survival instinct of the Alaskan Malamute dictates that any meal could be its last for quite some time, and feeding times are anticipated with much relish - whatever you put in the bowl will never be enough in the eyes of the Malamute. However, Malamute owners must resist the temptation to give in to the hungry look of the Malamute, or they'll end up with a very overweight and unhealthy dog, not to mention a huge food bill.  This is not a breed that you can afford to give all it wants.

Think about what you are giving your dog to eat.  Resist the temptation to feed table scraps if they really would be better off in the rubbish bin.  Foods that are salty or spicy might upset the Malamute's digestive system and should not be fed, onions are toxic to dogs and non-digestible leftovers like corn-cobs can block the stomach or intestines resulting in suffering and, if not treated, death.  Very sugary foods are of course not suitable for a dog - these often have no nutritional value and will only lead to obesity and decayed teeth. So do not think you are doing your dog a favour by feeding unsuitable "human treats".

If you want to give your dog a treat the Malamute is probably going to be just as happy with a piece of raw vegetable or a apple. 

Make sure the whole family is aware of what is and is not suitable to give the dog, and make sure that the dog is not being fed bits and pieces by everyone at different times!

The Malamute has a very basic digestive system that cannot cope well with highly processed foods, such as canned dog foods.  These processed foods often give rise to diarrhoea and gas which is both very uncomfortable for the dog and most unpleasant for your family! 

To keep your pet safe this season, remember the following:

·    Chicken, turkey bones for that matter any bones are highly dangerous; they can splinter and puncture the stomach or intestines.

·    Don’t fill the dog’s bowl with table scraps.Table food is too fatty for the digestive systems of most animals and can lead to severe stomach upsets, occasionally triggering possibly fatal pancreatic inflammation.

·    Don’t give chocolate to your dog; it can be toxic.

·    Make sure to put garbage into tightly covered cans to prevent your dog from giving into temptation and making a meal of your discards.

·    Call your vet if your pet shows signs of stomach upset - diarrhea or vomiting.

 WATER 

Just as your dogs needs proper nutrition from his food, water is essential as well. Water keeps the body properly hydrated and promotes normal functions of the dog's systems. make sure your dog have access to clean water at all times. Make sure that the dog's water bowl is clean and change the water often.   

Feeding & caring for your sled dog effectively in maintaining his health, remains your prime responsibility.

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